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Quantification of total phenolics in different parts of Pluchea indica (Less) ethanolic and water extracts


Citation

Halimoon, Normala and M. I., Suhaimi (2011) Quantification of total phenolics in different parts of Pluchea indica (Less) ethanolic and water extracts. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 19 (1). pp. 19-24. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526

Abstract / Synopsis

One of the compounds present in Pluchea indica extracts is antioxidant which plays an important role in inhibiting free radicals and thus protects humans against infections and degenerative diseases, such as cancer, arthritis, and ageing process. The main objective of this study was to investigate and determine the total phenolic compounds of Pluchea indica in different concentrations of ethanolic extracts. This species was chosen because of its high phytonutrient compounds with potential medicinal properties. There was a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) in the total phenolic among the different parts of the tested plant. 50% of the ethanolic extract produced the highest total phenolic compounds (1775.00±86.00 to 658.95±5.00 µmol/g), followed by water extract (759.79±1.53 µmol/g) and 100% ethanol extract (352.72±22.30 to 249.29±5.37 µmol/g), respectively. In terms of the plant parts, the leaves contained the highest phenolic compounds (1775.00±86.00 µmol/g in 50% ethanol extract, 759.79±1.53 µmol/g in 100% aqueous extract and 352.72±22.30 µmol/g in 100% ethanol extract), followed by the stems (990.22±24.00 µmol/g in 50% ethanol extract, 990.22±24.59 µmol/g in 100% aqueous extract and 293.48±0.00 µmol/g in 100% ethanol extract). Meanwhile, lower total phenolic compounds were detected in the flowers (727.71±11.00 µmol/g in 50% ethanol extract, 603.81±8.46 µmol/g in 100% aqueous extract and 249.29±5.37 µmol/g in 100% ethanol extract) and roots (658.95±5.00 µmol/g in 50% ethanol extract, 450.00±10.76 µmol/g in 100% aqueous extract and 272.28±0.53 µmol/g in 100% ethanol extract). Based on these findings, Pluchea indica has potential medicinal properties that can be further developed to produce neutraceutical products, diet supplements or cosmetic products. However, further research should first be conducted on the effects of these compounds on laboratory animals.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Antioxidant; Herbal medicines; Phenolics; Pluchea indica
Depositing User: Nur Farahin Ramli
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2013 13:12
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2016 16:36
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/23539
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