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Physical properties of abaca (Musa textilis nee) fibre reinforced high impact polystyrene (HIPS) composites


Citation

Hadi, Agung Efriyo and Salit, Mohd Sapuan and Megat Ahmad, Megat Mohamad Hamdan and Mohd Dahlan, Khairul Zaman and Usman, Mustofa (2011) Physical properties of abaca (Musa textilis nee) fibre reinforced high impact polystyrene (HIPS) composites. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 19 (2). pp. 349-363. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526

Abstract / Synopsis

The physical properties by natural fibre have a great importance, specifically in the structural of natural fibre which reinforces matrix. Response surface methodology with Box-Behnken (BB) design of experiment was utilized to study water absorption and melt flow index (MFI) of abaca fibre reinforced high impact polystyrene (HIPS) composites. The design utilizes fraction of weight abaca fibre, maleic anhydride (MAH), and impact modifier to develop models for characteristic behaviours of water absorption and MFI of composites. Abaca fibre reinforced high impact polystyrene (HIPS) composites were produced with different fibre loadings (30, 40, and 50 wt%), different compositions of coupling agent, maleic anhydried (MAH) (1, 2, and 3 wt%) and different compositions of impact modifier (4, 5, 6 wt%). The individual optimum of water absorption was found when loading abaca fibre close to 34.61 wt%, maleic anhydride 1 wt%, and impact modifier 4.01 wt%. The individual optimum of melt flow index dealt with loading abaca fibre 36.71 wt%, maleic anhydride 3 wt% and impact modifier 4.02 wt%. Meanwhile, the optimum condition for water absorption of abaca fibre reinforced HIPS composites was followed by a decreasing trend of the value of melt flow index.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Abaca fibre; Box-behnken; Melt flow index; Water absorption
Depositing User: Muizzudin Kaspol
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2014 11:34
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2016 11:20
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/23446
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