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Gasification of empty fruit bunch for hydrogen rich fuel gas production


Mohammed, M. A. A. and Ali, Salmiaton and Wan Ab. Karim Ghani, Wan Azlina and Mohd Salleh, Mohamad Amran (2011) Gasification of empty fruit bunch for hydrogen rich fuel gas production. Journal of Applied Sciences, 11 (13). pp. 2416-2020. ISSN 1812-5654; ESSN: 1812-5662


A study on gasification of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB), a waste of the palm oil industry is investigated. The composition and particle size distribution of feedstock are determined and the thermal degradation behaviour is analysed by a thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Then 300 g h-1 fluidized bed bench scale gasification unit is used to investigate the effect of the operating parameters on biomass gasification namely reactor temperature in the range of 700-1000°C and feedstock particle size in the range of 0.3-1.0 mm. The main gas species generated, as identified by a Gas Chromatography (GC), are H2, CO, CO2 and CH4. With temperature increasing from 700 to 1000°C, the total gas yield is enhanced greatly and has reached the maximum value (~ 92 wt. %, on the raw biomass sample basis) at 1000°C with big portions of H2 (38.02 vol.%) and CO (36.36 vol.%). Feedstock particle size shows some influence on the H2, CO and CH4 yields. The feedstock particle size of 0.3 to 0.5 mm, is found to generate a higher H2 yield (33.12 vol.%) and higher LHV of gas product (17.19 MJ m-3).

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2011.2416.2420
Publisher: Asian Network for Scientific Information
Keywords: Biomass; Empty fruit bunch; Energy source; Hydrogen; Yield
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2015 08:54
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 08:54
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3923/jas.2011.2416.2420
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/23074
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