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A preliminary study on Jatropha curcas as coagulant in wastewater treatment


Zainal Abidin, Zurina and Ismail, N. and Yunus, Robiah and Ahamad, Intan Salwani and Idris, Azni (2011) A preliminary study on Jatropha curcas as coagulant in wastewater treatment. Environmental Technology, 32 (9). pp. 971-977. ISSN 0959-3330; ESSN: 1479-487X


Many coagulants, mainly inorganic, are widely used in conventional water and wastewater treatment. Recent studies reported the occurrence of some chronic diseases associated with residual coagulant in treated wastewater. The use of alternative coagulants which are biodegradable and environmentally friendly could alleviate the problem associated with these diseases. This work investigates the capability of Jatropha curcas seed and presscake (the residue left after oil extraction) to reduce the turbidity of wastewater through coagulation. The coagulant was prepared by dissolving Jatropha curcas seed and presscake powder into solution. Then jar tests were conducted on kaolin solution as the model wastewater. The Jatropha seed was found to be an effective coagulant with more than 96% of turbidity removal at pH 1–3 and pH 11–12. The highest turbidity removal was recorded at pH 3 using a dosage of 120 mg/L. The flocs formed using Jatropha were observed to be bigger and to sediment faster when compared with flocs formed using alum. The turbidity removal was high (>98%) at all turbidities (100 NTU to 8000 NTU), suggesting its suitability for a wide range of industrial wastewater. The performance of Jatropha presscake after extraction of oil was also comparable to the fresh seed and alum at highly acidic and highly alkaline conditions. The addition of Jatropha did not significantly affect the pH of the kaolin samples after treatment and the sludge volume produced was less in comparison to alum. These results strongly support the use of Jatropha curcas seed and presscake as a potential coagulant agent.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2010.521955
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Coagulant; Coagulation; Jatropha; Wastewater
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2015 04:37
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2015 04:37
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/09593330.2010.521955
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/23043
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