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Comparison of knowledge, attitude, and practice among communities living in hotspot and non-hotspot areas of dengue in Selangor, Malaysia


Ghani, Nurul Akmar and Shohaimi, Shamarina and Hee, Alvin Kah Wei and Chee, Hui Yee and Segun, Oguntade Emmanuel and Ajibola, Lamidi-Sarumoh Alaba (2019) Comparison of knowledge, attitude, and practice among communities living in hotspot and non-hotspot areas of dengue in Selangor, Malaysia. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 4 (1). art. no. 37. pp. 1-10. ISSN 2414-6366


Background: Dengue has affected more than one-third of the world population and Malaysia has recorded an increase in the number of dengue cases since 2012. Selangor state recorded the highest number of dengue cases in Malaysia. Most of the dengue infections occur among people living in hotspot areas of dengue. This study aims to compare Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among communities living in hotspot and non-hotspot dengue areas. Method: Communities living in 20 hotspot and 20 non-hotspot areas in Selangor were chosen in this study where 406 participants were randomly selected to answer questionnaires distributed at their housing areas. Total marks of each categories were compared using t-test. Result: Results show that there were significant mean differences in marks in Knowledge (p value: 0.003; 15.41 vs. 14.55) and Attitude (p value: < 0.001; 11.41 vs. 10.33), but not Practice (p value 0.101; 10.83 vs. 10.47) categories between communities of non-hotspot and hotspot areas. After considering two confounding variables which are education level and household income, different mean marks are found to be significant in Knowledge when education level acts as a covariate and Attitude when both act as covariates. Conclusion: Overall results show that people living in non-hotspot areas had better knowledge and attitude than people living in hotspot areas, but no difference was found in practice. This suggests that public health education should be done more frequently with people with a low education background and low household income, especially in hotspot areas to fight dengue outbreak and make dengue cases decrease effectively.

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Official URL or Download Paper: https://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/4/1/37

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Faculty of Science
Institute for Mathematical Research
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4010037
Publisher: MDPI
Keywords: Dengue; Knowledge attitude practice (KAP); Dengue incidence; Dengue hotspot
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2020 16:19
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2020 16:19
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/tropicalmed4010037
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/22902
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