UPM Institutional Repository

Impact of climate change on food security in Malaysia: economic and policy adjustments for rice industry


Vaghefi, Negin and Shamsudin, Mad Nasir and Radam, Alias and Abdul Rahim, Khalid (2016) Impact of climate change on food security in Malaysia: economic and policy adjustments for rice industry. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, 13 (1). pp. 19-35. ISSN 1943-815X; ESSN: 1943-8168


Rice paddies production in Malaysia, as in other parts of the world, is extremely vulnerable to weather changes and extreme conditions such as drought and flooding. Such situations forced Malaysia to maintain a protectionist regime with respect to its rice industry to better ensure food security for the country. In this study, a crop simulation model (DSSAT) and system dynamics approach were used to assess the impact of climate change on future rice production, self-sufficiency level of rice, and farmers’ gross income in Malaysia. Results from the DSSAT model show that during the main and off growing seasons, increase in temperature and changes rainfall pattern can be expected to reduce the rice yield by 12 and 31.3%, respectively, until the year 2030. Based on the system dynamics’ results, the reduction in rice yield was expected to reduce farmers’ gross income and the rice self-sufficiency level of the country. The study suggested two different policy scenarios to overcome these adverse effects. The overall policy implication is that the Malaysian rice industry cannot be sustained if government takes no action to change its current policies.

Download File

PDF (Abstract)
Impact of climate change on food security in Malaysia economic and policy adjustments for rice industry.pdf

Download (49kB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Economics and Management
Faculty of Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/1943815X.2015.1112292
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Climate change; Farmers' income; Food security; Policy analysis; Self sufficiency level
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 09:00
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2016 09:00
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/1943815X.2015.1112292
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/22470
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item