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N2 fixation, plant growth enhancement and root-surface colonization by rhizobacteria in association with oil palm plantlets under in vitro conditions


Citation

Ahmad Ghazali, Amir Hamzah and Shamsuddin, Zulkifli and Mohd Saud, Halimi and Ramlan, Mohd Fauzi and Mahmood, Maziah (2002) N2 fixation, plant growth enhancement and root-surface colonization by rhizobacteria in association with oil palm plantlets under in vitro conditions. Malaysian Journal of Soil Science, 6 (spec.). pp. 75-82. ISSN 1394-7990

Abstract / Synopsis

Association of the N2 fixing plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) with various non-leguminous crops has reinforced the importance of biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) and plant growth stimulation effects. This concept was demonstrated through a laboratory experiment using tissue cultured oil palm plantlets. Under in vitro conditions, sterilized tissue cultured oil palm plantlets were grown in test tubes. Tests were conducted to observe the ability of selected rhizobacteria to fix N2, promote plant growth, enhance essential nutrient uptake and colonize roots of the associated host plants. Results from the experiment show that Azospirillum spp. (Sp 7) could contribute up to 66% of the host plant N requirement (%Ndfa), while locally isolated Bacillus spp. (UPMB 13) recorded up to 55% Ndfa at D56. The inoculation (especially Sp 7 and UPMB 13) also caused a significant increase in total N and higher leaf chlorophyll content of the host plants. The rhizobacteria tested especially CCM 3863 had enhanced primary root numbers and length compared to the control (+Ni). All of the inocula tested successfully colonized the root-surface and benefit the host plants.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
Publisher: Malaysian Society of Soil Science
Keywords: Elaeis guineensis; Rhizobacteria; N2 fixation; Growth enhancer; Root colonization; Oil palm plantlets
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 08:52
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2016 08:52
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/22429
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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