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Ammonia volatilization from urea at different levels of zeolite.


Bundan, Latip and Nik Ab. Majid, Nik Muhamad and Ahmed, Osumanu Haruna and Jiwan, Make and Ragai Kundat, Franklin (2011) Ammonia volatilization from urea at different levels of zeolite. International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 6 (34). pp. 7717-7720. ISSN 1992-1950


Ammonia (NH3) loss due to hydrolysis of urea can be substantial. When applied to the soil, up to 50% NH3 volatilizes. This decreases urea-N use efficiency. The objective of this study was to minimize ammonia loss from urea using different levels of clinoptilolite zeolite. Six treatments were evaluated; (1) soil alone, (2) 2.60 g granular urea, (3) 2.60 g liquid urea, (4) 2.60 g liquid urea + 4 g of zeolite, (5) 2.60 g liquid urea + 8 g of zeolite and (6) 2.60 g liquid urea + 12 g of zeolite. The incubation study was conducted using close-dynamic air flow system method to measure the amount of NH3 released. At the end of this study, soils samples were analyzed for pH, exchangeable ammonium (NH4+) and available nitrate (NO3-) using standard procedures. When urea was applied in liquid form, NH3 loss was reduced when compared with granular urea, but not significantly different among the treatments with and without zeolite inclusion. Increase in soil pH was observed upon addition of higher amount of zeolite when compared with urea alone. High NH4+ content and low NH3 loss for T5 directly showed that high cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the amended soil due to inclusion of zeolite was responsible for retention of more NH4+ in the soil even though the soil pH was higher when compared with T1 and T2. Liquid urea mixed with zeolite reduced NH3 loss and increased NH4+ retention in the soil.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Publisher: Academic Journals
Keywords: Ammonia volatilization; Granular urea; Liquid urea; Zeolite.
Depositing User: Umikalthom Abdullah
Date Deposited: 23 May 2014 05:06
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2015 08:17
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/22210
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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