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Prevalence of Trypanosoma Evansi in Horses in Peninsular Malaysia.


Citation

Kumar, Amit (2009) Prevalence of Trypanosoma Evansi in Horses in Peninsular Malaysia. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Abstract / Synopsis

The main objective of this cross sectional study was to determine the prevalence of Equine Trypanosomes in Peninsula Malaysia involving Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Johor, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Kelantan, Kedah, Melaka and to relate the prevalence and seroprevalence of Trypanosoma evansi in different breeds and sex. A total of 432 animals from different farms were involved in this study. A questionnaire was used to collect data on horse health and management practices. Four hundred thirty two blood samples in heparin from horses were tested for Trypanosoma sp using Haematocrit centrifugation technique, Staines thin film where three samples were found Positive. The plasma from all samples were tested for antibodies fo Trypanosoma using Card agglutination test for Trypanosomes (CATT). The prevalence of Trypanosomes using the parasitological techniques (HCT/BF) was 0.7% (3/432). The seroprevalence of Trypanosomes was 14.81% (64/432). Female horses showed zero prevalence of Trypanosoma evansi using parasitological method with all 224 blood samples negative while male horses showed 1.4% prevalence. Local thoroughbred horses showed highest seroprevalence (35.9%) while local cross breed showed lowest seroprevalence (3.5%). The state of Kedah showed the highest seroprevalence of equine trypanosomiasis (35.70%), while lowest seroprevalence was observed in Pahang (9.00%). This study showed that there is no high evidence of parasitemia in the sample. The seroprevalence however showed that 64 of horses had previously been infected or had previous exposure.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subject: Trypanosoma
Subject: Horses - Diseases - Peninsular Malaysia
Call Number: FPV 2009 16
Chairman Supervisor: Bashir Ahmad Fateh Mohamed ,PhD
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Notes: Bashir Ahmad Fateh Mohamed, PhD
Depositing User: Haridan Mohd Jais
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2013 10:24
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2014 16:05
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/22054
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