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Thermal properties of high density polyethylene-kenaf cellulose composites.


Tajeddin, Behjat and Abdullah, Luqman Chuah (2010) Thermal properties of high density polyethylene-kenaf cellulose composites. Polymers and Polymer Composites, 18 (5). pp. 257-261. ISSN 0967-3911


Biocomposites of high density polyethylene (HDPE) and kenaf cellulose (KC) with polyethylene glycol (PEG) have been prepared by melt blending and compression moulding. The optimum temperature and reaction period for blending KC with HDPE were 145 C and 12 minutes with rotation speed of 30 rpm, respectively. The effects of composition on the thermal properties of HDPE-KC biocomposites were investigated using TGA and DSC. Each sample of HDPE-KC biocomposites was subjected to heating programs between 35-600 C for TGA, and the DSC analysis was determined under heating cycles of 25-600 C. The results from TGA and DSC indicated that by increasing the KC content, the thermal stability was slightly improved. The melting temperature for all the composites was less than the melting point of KC (148.70 C), and almost the same as that of HDPE (130.38 C). Therefore no significant change in the melting temperature resulted from adding KC to the HDPE matrix. However, HDPE's presence surrounding the KC fibres, prevented water from reaching the cellulose fibre particles, thus reducing the water content in the composite; hence a significant advantage of forming KC composites with hydrophobic HDPE is that it helps to make the cellulose hydrophobic instead of hydrophilic.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: RAPRA Technology Ltd.
Keywords: Biocomposites; High density polyethylene; Kenaf; Thermal properties.
Depositing User: Fatimah Zahrah @ Aishah Amran
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2013 04:30
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2016 03:06
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/17396
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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