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Investigating ballistic impact properties of woven kenaf-aramid hybrid composites


Yahaya, Ridwan and Salit, Mohd Sapuan and Jawaid, Mohammad and Leman, Zulkiflle and Zainudin, Edi Syams (2016) Investigating ballistic impact properties of woven kenaf-aramid hybrid composites. Fibers and Polymers, 17 (2). pp. 275-281. ISSN 1229-9197; ESSN: 1875-0052


In this study, the ballistic impact performance of woven kenaf-Kevlar hybrid and non-hybrid composites against fragment simulating projectiles (FSPs) was investigated. All the composites were prepared using the hand lay-up technique, method, followed by static load compression. The hybrid composites consist of Kevlar fabric and woven kenaf layers. The results obtained indicate that the energy absorption, ballistic limit velocity (V 50) and failure behaviour of the composites during the impact event were affected by the woven kenaf hybridisation. The additional kenaf layers in hybrid composites resulted in the increase in composites thickness and areal density, thus increased the energy absorption (14.46 % to 41.30 %) and V 50 (5.5 % to 8.44 %). It was observed that the hybrid composites failed through a combination of fibre shear, delamination and fibre fracture in the impacted surface, woven kenaf-Kevlar interface and rear surface respectively. Although the specific energy absorption was lower for the hybrid composites, further investigations need to be carried out to utilise the great potential natural fibres.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-016-5678-6
Publisher: The Korean Fiber Society
Keywords: Aramid fibre; Ballistic impact; Hybrid composites; Laminates; Woven kenaf
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 01:52
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2016 01:52
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s12221-016-5678-6
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/16402
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