UPM Institutional Repository

Prevalence of obesity and factors associated with it in a worksite setting in Malaysia


Cheong, Siew Man and Kandiah, Mirnalini and Chinna, Karuthan and Chan, Yoke Mun and Abu Saad, Hazizi (2010) Prevalence of obesity and factors associated with it in a worksite setting in Malaysia. Journal of Community Health, 35 (6). pp. 698-705. ISSN 0094-5145; ESSN: 1573-3610


Socio-economic status, lifestyle behaviors, and psychosocial factors have been implicated in the development of overweight and obesity. This study aims to observe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in an academic worksite and to examine the possible association between variables such as socio-economic characteristics, work factors, psychosocial factors, and weight control behaviors and obesity. In this study, the target population were full-time academic and non-academic staff. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were computed to determine obesity. A pretested self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio-demographic factors, work related factors, psychosocial factors, and weight control behaviors. Data were obtained on 367 adults of whom 39.2% were males and 60.8% females. Overweight was seen in 31.9% of males and 26.5% of females while 16.1% of them were obese, irrespective of gender. Central obesity was noted in about 37% of males and 39% of females. The results showed that socio-demographic factors (age, gender, and education) and psychosocial factors (perceived health status, body weight perception, and weight-control goals) were significantly associated with BMI. Working hours were also significantly associated with BMI. However, weight control practices (diet-control practices and physical activity practices) were not significantly associated with BMI. In conclusion, this study found a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity among employees of a selected public university in comparison to the general population. Socio-demographic, psychosocial factors, and working hours were found to contribute to obesity in this sample of adults.

Download File

PDF (Abstract)
Prevalence of obesity and factors associated with it in a worksite setting in Malaysia.pdf

Download (84kB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-010-9274-1
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Behavioral factors; Obesity; Psychosocial factors; Work factors; Worksite setting
Depositing User: Raja Norazlinda Raja Azenam
Date Deposited: 16 May 2013 03:14
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 01:42
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s10900-010-9274-1
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/16331
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item