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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among middle aged women in Babol, Iran


Citation

Delavar, Mouloud Agajani and Lye, Munn Sann and Khor, Geok Lin and Hanachi, Parichehr and Syed Hassan, Syed Tajuddin (2009) Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among middle aged women in Babol, Iran. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 40 (3). pp. 612-628. ISSN 0125-1562

Abstract / Synopsis

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of interconnected cardiovascular risk factors. This research determined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome by body mass index, sociodemography, and lifestyle habits of women 30-50 years old in Babol Iran. A systematic random sampling was used to select 984 middle aged women from an urban area in Babol, Mazandaran, Iran. Screening was used to select eligible women who fulfilled selection criteria. The Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria were used to classify participants as having metabolic syndrome. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 31.0%. Abdominal obesity was observed in about 76.6% (n = 273) of subjects. The prevalences of hypertension, high fasting blood glucose, high triglycerides and low HDL-cholesterol were 12.1, 12.1, 41.5 and 48.6%, respectively. Older age (OR=2.07; CI=1.56-2.75), higher waist circumference (OR=6.46; 95% CI=3.48-11.96), higher systolic (OR=3.84; 95% Cl=2.37-6.22) and diastolic blood pressure (OR=1.89; 95% CI=1.17-3.05), low education level (OR=2.780; CI=1.80-4.31), housekeeping (OR=3.92; CI=1.24-12.44) and farming occupation (OR=20.54; 95% CI=3.54-119.06) were associated with increased risk for metabolic syndrome. The odds ratio (OR) showed no significant associations between metabolic syndrome and smoking or exposure to smoking. This study showed high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Iranian middle aged women. A larger area and population study is needed to enable broader recommendations for the prevention of metabolic syndrome.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher: Seameo Regional Tropical Medicine & Public Health
Keywords: Dietary patterns; Metabolic syndrome
Depositing User: Raja Norazlinda Raja Azenam
Date Deposited: 16 May 2013 11:21
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2018 16:17
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/16330
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