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Predominance and emergence of clones of hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Malaysia.


Ghaznavi-Rad , Ehsanollah and Shamsudin, Mariana Nor and Sekawi, Zamberi and Liew , Y. K. and Aziz, Mohammad Nazri and Hamat, Rukman Awang and Othman, Norlijah and Chong, Pei Pei and Van Belkum, Alex and Ghasemzadeh Moghaddam, Hamed and Vasanthakumari Kumari , Neela (2010) Predominance and emergence of clones of hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Malaysia. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 48 (3). pp. 867-872. ISSN 0095-1137, ESSN: 1098-660X


We define the epidemiology of predominant and sporadic methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains in a central teaching and referral hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This is done on the basis of spa sequencing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing, and virulence gene profiling. During the period of study, the MRSA prevalence was 44.1%, and 389 MRSA strains were included. The prevalence of MRSA was found to be significantly higher in the patients of Indian ethnicity (P < 0.001). The majority (92.5%) of the isolates belonged to ST-239, spa type t037, and possessed the type III or IIIA SCCmec. The arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME) arcA gene was detected in three (1.05%) ST-239 isolates. We report the first identification of ACME arcA gene-positive ST-239. Apart from this predominant clone, six (1.5%) isolates of ST-22, with two related spa types (t032 and t4184) and a singleton (t3213), carrying type IVh SCCmec, were detected for the first time in Asia. A limited number of community-acquired (CA) MRSA strains were also detected. These included ST-188/t189 (2.1%), ST-1/t127 (2.3%), and ST-7/t091 (1%). Panton-Valentin leukocidin (PVL) was detected in all ST-1 and ST-188 strains and in 0.7% of the ST-239 isolates. The majority of the isolates carried agr I, except that ST-1 strains were agr III positive. Virulence genes seg and sei were seen only among ST-22 isolates. In conclusion, current results revealed the predominance of ST-239-SCCmec III/IIIA and the penetration of ST-22 with different virulence gene profiles. The emergence in Malaysia of novel clones of known epidemic and pathogenic potential should be taken seriously.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Subject: Staphylococcus aureus.
Subject: Methicillin resistance.
Subject: Community-Acquired Infections.
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01112-09
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Depositing User: Raja Norazlinda Raja Azenam
Date Deposited: 16 May 2013 04:12
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2015 03:12
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1128/JCM.01112-09
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/16293
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