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Pathogenicity of Beauveria bassiana against the tiger moth Atteva sciodoxa (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae)


Abood, Faizah and Bajwa, Ghulam Ali and Ibrahim, Yusof and Sajap, Ahmad Said (2010) Pathogenicity of Beauveria bassiana against the tiger moth Atteva sciodoxa (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae). Journal of Entomology, 7 (1). pp. 19-32. ISSN 1812-5670; ESSN: 1812-5689


Seven isolates of Beauveria bassiona were screened for pathogenicity and infectivity at a concentration of 5x107 conidia mL-1 against Attevo sciodoxa at 27±2°C and 75±5% relative humidity with 12 h photoperiod. Based on screening results, isolates Bba-Pp and FS-11 were further bioassayed at 1 x 106, 5x106 and 1x107 conidia mL-1. All the isolates were found to be pathogenic. However, the infectivity varied significantly among the isolates. The earliest mortality was recorded three days after inoculation, The most virulent isolate, Bba-Pp, caused 100% mortality with a median infective time (ET50) of 3.6 days on day seven following inoculation while FS-11 caused 83,3% mortality with an ET50 value of 4.1 days, Bba-S13 was the least infective isolate with 24.9% mortality and 15.3 days of median effective time. Mycelia appeared on 24 to 48 h old cadavers, The highest level of sporulation on two-week old cadavers was 150.6x105 Bba-Pp conidia mg -1 cadaver while the lowest was 12.23x105 Bba-S13 conidia. The median effective concentration (EC50) of Bba-Pp was 9.89x105 conidia mL-1 while that of FS-11 was 3.85x106 conidia mL-1. The ET50 values 1x106 1x107 conidia mL-1 of Bba-Pp ranged between 7.0 and 4.4 days, respectively, while that of FS-11 were 10.3 and 5.8 days. A strong negative correlation was found between inoculum concentrations and food consumption (R2 = -0.99). The infection by Bba-Pp and FS-11I resulted in 55.8 to 72.5% reduction in food consumption by A. sciodoxa compared to the controls.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Forestry
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3923/je.2010.19.32
Publisher: Academic Journals
Keywords: Beuveria bassiana; Pathogenicity; Atteva sciodoxa; Tiger moth; Eurycoma longifolia; Biological control
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2015 08:20
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2015 04:20
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3923/je.2010.19.32
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/16057
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