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Orthosiphon stamineus leaf extract protects against ethanol-induced gastropathy in rats


Yam, Mun Fei and Ang, Lee Fung and Salman, Ibrahim Muhammad and Ameer, Omar Ziad and Lim, Vuanghao and Ong, Lai Man and Ahmad, Mariam and Asmawil, Mohd Zaini and Basir, Rusliza (2009) Orthosiphon stamineus leaf extract protects against ethanol-induced gastropathy in rats. Journal of Medicinal Food, 12 (5). pp. 1089-1097. ISSN 1096-620X; ESSN: 1557-7600


Orthosiphon stamineus Benth., which is used as a gastroprotective herbal remedy in Malaysia, was assessed for its anti-ulcerogenic activity against ethanol-induced ulcers in rats. Fifty percent methanol was used to extract the oven-dried O. stamineus leaves. The extract was then lyophilized with a rotary evaporator and freeze-dried. Oral administration of O. stamineus methanolic extract (OSME) (125, 250, 500, and 1,000mg/kg) was found to significantly decrease the ulcer index (P<.01, P<.001, P<.001, and P<.001, respectively). Histological study of a section of the rat stomach also showed a marked improvement in the gastric mucosal damage in groups receiving OSME. In order to further investigate the gastroprotective mechanism of OSME, mucus secretion and lipid peroxidation level were estimated in vitro and ex vivo. OSME exhibited dose-dependent stimulation of mucus secretion (r=0.718, P<.001) and inhibition of lipid peroxidation in rat gastric mucosal homogenates (both in vitro [r=0.819, P<.05] and ex vivo [r=0.981, P<.05]). It was concluded that the gastroprotective mechanism of OSME was partly due to its ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation and stimulate gastric mucus secretion.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2008.0005
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert
Keywords: Gastroprotection; High-performance liquid chromatography profile; Lipid peroxidation; Orthosiphon stamineus
Depositing User: Raja Norazlinda Raja Azenam
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2013 04:16
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2019 03:38
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1089/jmf.2008.0005
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/16010
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