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Incidental learning of vocabulary through computer-based and paper-based games by secondary school ESL learners


Letchumanan, Kanthimathi and Tan, Bee Hoon and Paramasivam, Shamala and Md Rashid, Sabariah and Muthusamy, Paramasivam (2015) Incidental learning of vocabulary through computer-based and paper-based games by secondary school ESL learners. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 23 (3). pp. 725-740. ISSN 0128-7702; ESSN: 2231-8534


This quasi-experimental study attempted to investigate which mode of language games, paper-based or computer-based, can better expand the English vocabulary size of Form Four students especially at the 2000 word-level. Seventy students were involved in this study i.e. thirty-five in each group. The study was conducted in three stages. First, the participants sat for the Productive Vocabulary Levels Test (PVLT) as a pre-treatment measurement. Then the Experimental Group 1 played the computer-based games and the Experimental Group 2 played the paper-based games for seven weeks before sitting for the first post-treatment parallel PVLT. After that, both groups switched treatments before they were assessed again using the second parallel PVLT. The statistical analysis of the pre- and post-treatment test scores were done using the t-test. The results show a significant gain for both modes of games, but the computer-based games had a higher mean gain. The study provides evidence that the computer-based games had better influence on students' vocabulary enhancement than the paper-based games.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Modern Language and Communication
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Computer-based; Games; Incidental learning; Paper-based; Productive vocabulary levels test; Vocabulary
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2016 04:15
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2016 04:15
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/15681
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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