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Effect of grater position on the size of grated sago (Metroxylon spp.)


Wan Azman, Wan Mohd Fariz and Shamsudin, Rosnah and Hamzah, Azman and Azizan, Mohd Shahrir and Azizan, Saiful Azwan and Shahar, Asnawi and Mohd Shafie, Zainun (2018) Effect of grater position on the size of grated sago (Metroxylon spp.). Food Research, 2 (6). pp. 572-577. ISSN 2550-2166


The natural arrangement of sago palm’s fiber orientation is parallel to the vertical axis of the trunk. Extraction of the sago starch requires breaking of the trunk into fine sizes. The sago size is affected by the grater position which affects the of starch recovery. This study was conducted to evaluate grating efficiency through sago size produced at the different direction of grating (0° and 90° to roller teeth rotation). Sago palm trunks without outer layer were cut into square blocks of 100 mm3. Each trunk block was placed on roller grater platform at a different position where the cutting spike was parallel to the vertical axis of sago trunk fiber orientation (grating at 0° direction) and perpendicular (grating at 90° direction). 100 g of dry grated sago was sifted to determine the size distribution with different sieve sizes i.e. 2.80 mm, 2.00 mm, 1.00 mm, 0.85 mm and 0.425 mm. A total weight of 1 kg of grated sago was mixed with water and squeezed to be extracted. The starch recovery produced by the grating process at 0° directions was 10.30% higher than 90 0 directions. The present study showed that the direction of grating at 0° was able to produce finer grated sago with maximum starch recovery.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Rynnye Lyan Resources
Notes: Special issue: 4th International Conference on Agricultural and Food Engineering (CAFEi 2018)
Keywords: Sago; Trunk; Fiber orientation; Grated size
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 07:36
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 07:36
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/15433
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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