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A brief review of the history and philosophy of instrument development in the social sciences


Khairuddin, Khairun Nisa and Omar, Zoharah and Krauss, Steven Eric and Ismail, Ismi Arif (2018) A brief review of the history and philosophy of instrument development in the social sciences. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8 (9). pp. 1517-1524. ISSN 2222-6990


Instrumentation is the heart of research, with almost all empirical research being heavily dependent upon this aspect. The term is also used interchangeably with other terminologies including measurement, scale, questionnaire and inventory. Despite their ubiquitous usage in the scientific literature, it remains unclear as to whether these terminologies pose the same meaning. Therefore, an enhanced understanding regarding instrument development in the social sciences field is contingent upon a grasp of its history and importance. This paper consists of three parts that expound on: (1) the definition of terms related to an instrument, (2) the history and prominent scholars of instrument development in the social science, and (3) the importance of social science instrumentation. Several academic journals have served as a reference, accompanied by books, reports and online encyclopaedia in ensuring a comprehensive review of the history of instrumentations in the social sciences.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v8-i9/4861
Publisher: Human Resource Management Academic Research Society
Keywords: Instrument development; Measurement; Questionnaire; Scale; Social science
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2019 03:49
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 03:49
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.6007/IJARBSS/v8-i9/4861
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/14709
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