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Factors influencing local people's participation in watershed management programs in Iran


Bagherian, Reza and Abu Samah, Bahaman and Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi and Ahmad, Shamsuddin (2009) Factors influencing local people's participation in watershed management programs in Iran. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 6 (5). pp. 532-538. ISSN 1818-6769; ESSN: 1990-4053


The degree of popular participation in development programs is a major determinant of success or failure, but the factors which make participation efforts successful still remained a mystery. This study was designed to discover this mystery and determine the factors that influence local people’s participation in Watershed Management Programs by using the social exchange framework. The data for this study were gathered from 200 respondents through personal interview during August and September 2008. The findings of this study showed that level of participation in WMP was moderate; however people preferred more involvement in social rather than economical and environmental activities. Correlation analysis indicated that six factors: 1) satisfaction of prior programs, 2) attitude toward WMP, 3) knowledge of WMP, 4) alternative monthly income, 5) total monthly income and 6) Met expectations of WMP have positive and significant relationship with level of people’s participation in WMP. However, regression analysis discovered that among these factors, five factors provided the best prediction for the level of people’s participation in WMP and explained 45 % of the variation. These five factors were; level of people’s satisfaction of prior programs, people’s attitude toward WMP, people’s knowledge of WMP, their monthly income from alternative occupation and their expectations of WMP. The result of this study also provided a number of theoretical and practical implications and recommendations to increase the level of participation in WMP.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Studies
Faculty of Human Ecology
Institute for Social Science Studies
Publisher: IDOSI Publications
Keywords: Social exchange; Participation; Watershed management; Hable-Rud; Iran
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 May 2015 05:11
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2019 02:01
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/14703
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