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Enzymatic synthesis and characterization of palm-based kojic acid ester


Khamaruddin, Noor Hayati and Basri, Mahiran and Ee, Gwendoline Cheng Lian and Salleh, Abu Bakar and Raja Abdul Rahman, Raja Noor Zaliha and Ariff, Arbakariya and Mohamad, Rosfarizan and Awang, Roila (2008) Enzymatic synthesis and characterization of palm-based kojic acid ester. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 20. pp. 461-469. ISSN 1511-2780


Kojic acid ester was synthesized from acyl donor (fatty acid/palm oil) and kojic acid by esterification using lipase as a biocatalyst in an organic medium. Analysis of the product using GC and FTIR showed the presence of kojic acid ester. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis and 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectral data confirmed the molecular structure of the kojic acid ester. Among the enzymes tested,lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia gave the highest synthetic specific activity. Oleic acid was found to be the best substrate with which to produce the ester in acetonitrile. The optimum conditions for the synthesis of kojic acid derivatives using Pseudomonas cepacia lipase were time, 24 hr, temperature, 50oC, amount of enzyme, 0.15 g, solvent of log P = -0.33, mole ratio of 4 (kojic acid/oleic acid), with no added water, no control of water activity and oleic acid as substrate.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Faculty of Science
Publisher: Malaysian Palm Oil Board
Keywords: Esterification; Lipase; Pseudomonas cepacia; Synthesize; Kojic acid ester
Depositing User: Najwani Amir Sariffudin
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2014 07:37
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2016 02:02
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/14539
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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