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An improved enzyme assay for molybdenum-reducing activity in bacteria.


Abd. Shukor, Mohd. Yunus and Rahman, Mahbuba F. A. and Shamaan, Nor Aripin and Lee, Chang Hee and Abdul Karim, Mohamed Ismail and Syed, Mohd. Arif (2008) An improved enzyme assay for molybdenum-reducing activity in bacteria. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 144 (3). pp. 293-300. ISSN 0273-2289; ESSN: 1559-0291


Molybdenum-reducing activity in the heterotrophic bacteria is a phenomenon that has been reported for more than 100 years. In the presence of molybdenum in the growth media, bacterial colonies turn to blue. The enzyme(s) responsible for the reduction of molybdenum to molybdenum blue in these bacteria has never been purified. In our quest to purify the molybdenum-reducing enzyme, we have devised a better substrate for the enzyme activity using laboratory-prepared phosphomolybdate instead of the commercial 12-phosphomolybdate we developed previously. Using laboratory-prepared phosphomolybdate, the highest activity is given by 10:4-phosphomolybdate. The apparent Michaelis constant, K m for the laboratory-prepared 10:4-phosphomolybdate is 2.56 ± 0.25 mM (arbitrary concentration), whereas the apparent V max is 99.4 ± 2.85 nmol Mo-blue min−1 mg−1 protein. The apparent Michaelis constant or K m for NADH as the electron donor is 1.38 ± 0.09 mM, whereas the apparent V max is 102.6 ± 1.73 nmol Mo-blue min−1 mg−1 protein. The apparent K m and V max for another electron donor, NADPH, is 1.43 ± 0.10 mM and 57.16 ± 1.01 nmol Mo-blue min−1 mg−1 protein, respectively, using the same batch of molybdenum-reducing enzyme. The apparent V max obtained for NADH and 10:4-phosphomolybdate is approximately 13 times better than 12-phoshomolybdate using the same batch of enzyme, and hence, the laboratory-prepared phosphomolybdate is a much better substrate than 12-phoshomolybdate. In addition, 10:4-phosphomolybdate can be routinely prepared from phosphate and molybdate, two common chemicals in the laboratory.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-007-8113-z
Publisher: Humana Press
Keywords: Assay; Mo-reducing enzyme; Molybdate; Phosphomolybdate; Molybdenum blue.
Depositing User: Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2014 04:30
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2015 02:59
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s12010-007-8113-z
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/13039
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