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Comparisons in prosomal width and body weight among early instar stages of Malaysian horseshoe crabs, Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda and Tachypleus gigas in the laboratory


Citation

Shakibazadeh, Shahram and Christianus, Annie and Saad, Che Roos and Hajeb, Parvaneh and Kamarudin, Mohd Salleh (2009) Comparisons in prosomal width and body weight among early instar stages of Malaysian horseshoe crabs, Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda and Tachypleus gigas in the laboratory. In: Biology and Conservation of Horseshoe Crabs. Springer, London, pp. 267-274. ISBN 9780387899589; EISBN: 9780387899596

Abstract / Synopsis

The three Southeast Asian horseshoe crab species are diminishing not only locally but also regionally and protection of them is now an urgent matter. Two species of horseshoe crab, Tachypleus gigas and Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda, were artificially inseminated, and the eggs were incubated at 28±1°C and in the salinity of 33±2 ppt. The fertilized eggs hatched after 42 days and 41 days with hatching rates of 98.1 and 98.9% for T. gigas and C. rotundicauda, respectively. This study reveals that in the identical laboratory condition, C. rotudicauda underwent more frequent molting than T. gigas. After 328 days of rearing, 63.8 and 22.9% of C. rotundicauda larvae had molted to the 6th and 7th instars, respectively, while 56.6 and 20.1% of T. gigas at the end of 355 days of rearing had molted to the 5th and 6th instars, respectively, but only 0.6% had molted to the 7th instar. There is a wide variation in the molting rate among larvae obtained from synchronized inseminated eggs and reared under uniform laboratory conditions.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-89959-6_16
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Horseshoe crab; Inseminated
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2016 12:08
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2016 12:55
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/978-0-387-89959-6_16
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/12985
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