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A new anthraquinone from Morinda citrifolia roots


Ee, Gwendoline Cheng Lian and Wen, Yin Ping and Md.Sukari, Mohd. Aspollah and Go, Rusea and Lee, Han Lin (2009) A new anthraquinone from Morinda citrifolia roots. Natural Product Research, 23 (14). pp. 1322-1329. ISSN 1478-6419; ESSN: 1029–2349


An investigation of Morinda citrifolia roots afforded a new anthraquinone, 2-ethoxy-1-hydroxyanthraquinone (1), along with five other known anthraquinones: 1-hydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone (2), damnacanthal (3), nordamnacanthal (4), 2-formyl-1-hydroxyanthraquinone (5) and morindone-6-methyl-ether (6). This is the first report on the isolation of morindone-6-methyl-ether (6) from this plant. The structures of these compounds were elucidated based on spectroscopic analyses such as NMR, MS and IR. Biological evaluation of five pure compounds and all the extracts against the larvae of Aedes aegypti indicated 1-hydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone (2) and damnacanthal (3) were the extracts to exhibit promising larvicidal activities.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/14786410902753138
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Morinda citrifolia; 2-ethoxy-1-hydroxyanthraquinone; Anthraquinones; Noni; Aedes aegypti
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 29 May 2015 06:18
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2015 02:26
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/14786410902753138
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/12736
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