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The economic impact of workforce disruptions on the output during COVID-19 pandemic


Hamzah, Heizlyn Amyneina and Saari, Mohd Yusof and Abd Rahman, Muhammad Daaniyall and Utit, Chakrin (2022) The economic impact of workforce disruptions on the output during COVID-19 pandemic. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 56 (2). 65 - 75. ISSN 0127-1962; ESSN: 2716-6058


This paper examines the economic impact of workforce disruptions on the output, final demand and Gross Domestic Product by applying an extended input-output (I-O) model. In the extended I-O model, workforce disruptions are measured and modelled in two perspectives: loss of employment (LOE) and inter-industry disruptions that limit the number of workers in the production. Results show that the inter-industry disruption / supply shock is likely to give a tremendous impact compared to the LOE. Moreover, the level of economic impact is also influenced by the level of economic integration among sectors. In this regard, the more integrated a sector with the high-risk sectors, the more impacted the sector is. In conclusion, the results suggest the need for balancing the economic and health risks to ensure that the welfare of people is protected.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: School of Business and Economics
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.17576/JEM-2022-5602-5
Publisher: Penerbit UKM
Keywords: Covid-19; Input-output model; Loss of employment; Workforce disruptions
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 24 May 2023 03:52
Last Modified: 24 May 2023 03:52
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.17576/JEM-2022-5602-5
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/103494
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