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Invaders of Langat River: introduction of varied vermiculated sailfin catfish, Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus


Anand Prakash, S. P. and Mohamed, N. A. and Azmai, M. N. A. and Abu Bakar, A. and Othman, R. and Abdul Ghani, F. (2022) Invaders of Langat River: introduction of varied vermiculated sailfin catfish, Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1119 (1). art. no. 012021. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1755-1307; ESSSN: 1755-1315


Globally and locally, invasive aquatic species pose a major threat towards aquatic ecosystems. Among the most successful of these aquatic invaders in Malaysian freshwater river systems is the vermiculated sailfin catfish or Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus. The study is conducted in Langat River, a subsidiary of the Selangor River basin which flows through the capital and high population density areas of the country. The impact of the species can be seen through its overpopulation and high density in the river due to the absence of natural predators and extremely high fecundity. This study provides the first report on the occurrence of introduced vermiculated sailfin catfish, P. disjunctivus, from Langat River, where the P. pardalis had been previously reported. In this study, random sampling exercises were conducted by using gill nets in a stretch of the Langat River. Out of 24 samples of Pterygoplichthys obtained, 11 were of P. pardalis. This was further confirmed by the morphometric and meristic characters as well as the patterns on the fish. Furthermore, during the sampling, we also described a new body pattern Pterygoplichthys, which does not fit both P. pardalis and P. disjunctivus entirely. The new body pattern of Pterygoplichthys, could be the result of hybridization between both species or variation patterns within the same species. However, a deeper study is necessary to be conducted to confirm this claim.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/1119/1/012021
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Keywords: Vermiculated sailfin catfish; Hybridization; Body pattern
Depositing User: Ms. Che Wa Zakaria
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2023 01:04
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2023 01:04
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1088/1755-1315/1119/1/012021
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/101974
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