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Extraction, characterization, and comparison of properties of cassava bagasse and black seed fibers


Abotbina, Walid and Sapuan, S. M. and H. Sultan, M. T. and M Alkbir, M. F. and Ilyas, R. A. (2022) Extraction, characterization, and comparison of properties of cassava bagasse and black seed fibers. Journal of Natural Fibers, 19 (16). 14525 - 14538. ISSN 1544-0478; ESSN: 1544-046X


The current study presents a nontoxic, and low-cost preparation of black seeds and cassava bagasse fibers. It also aims at investigating the physical, thermal, and morphological characteristics and chemical composition of these fibers. The current study’s findings revealed significant differences in the properties in terms of chemical, morphological, physical, and thermal. The findings also showed that black seed fiber had a higher ash concentration (4.5%) compared to the cassava bagasse fiber of 0.4%. A density of 1.45 g/cm3 was observed for cassava bagasse fiber, while the black seed fiber exhibited a lower density of 1.22 g/cm3. From TGA results, only 21% of cassava bagasse and 38% of black seed fiber weight were observed for the highest degradation rates for both samples (200°C–500°C). In summary, this study suggests cassava bagasse and black seed fibers as promising feedstocks for biopolymers synthesis with an eco-friendly and cost-effective approach that may support the advancement of the biopolymer industry.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2022.2068103
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Corn starch; Cassava bagasse fiber; Black seed fiber; Extraction; Characterization
Depositing User: Ms. Che Wa Zakaria
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2023 01:23
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2023 01:23
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/15440478.2022.2068103
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/101444
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