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Activated Carbons Prepared from Oil Palm Shells: Characterisations and Application for Column Separation of Heavy Metals

Anthony Joseph, Collin Glen Joseph (2002) Activated Carbons Prepared from Oil Palm Shells: Characterisations and Application for Column Separation of Heavy Metals. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

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Abstract

Wastes from agricultural products are abundant, suitable to be used as precursor for producing activated carbons. These wastes, instead of causing significant disposal problems, can be turned into by-products for industries by utilizing them fur manufacturing activated carbons. Carbonization and activation processes were done in the Tubular Carbolite Furnace. N₂ gas was flowed for the first 3 hours followed by CO₂ gas for the next 1 hour on the precursor at the constant temperature of 500°C. Par the H₃PO₄ impregnation, 30 grams of the palm shells were impregnated with 15 ml ofH3P04 and diluted with 100 ml of distilled water to produce 2.2 M H₃PO₄ solution. For the K₃PO₄, 30 grams of palm shells were impregnated with 9 g of K₃PO₄ and diluted with 100 ml of distilled water to produce 9% w/w K₃PO₄ solution. For the KOH impregnation, 30 grams or palm shells were impregnated with 9 g of KOH and diluted with 100 ml of distilled water to produce 9 % w/w KOH solution.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subject:Agricultural wastes - Recycling
Subject:Carbon, Activated
Chairman Supervisor:Associate Professor Anuar Kassim, PhD
Call Number:FSAS 2002 42
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
ID Code:9513
Deposited By: Muizzudin Kaspol
Deposited On:11 Feb 2011 09:17
Last Modified:01 Oct 2013 02:16

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