Preparation and Characterization of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Grafted Sago Starch

Qudsieh, Isam Yassin Mahmood (1999) Preparation and Characterization of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Grafted Sago Starch. Masters thesis, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia.

[img] PDF
1524Kb

Abstract

The graft copolymerization of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) onto sago starch (sago starch-g-PMMA) was carried out using ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) and potassium persulfate (PPS) as initiators. PMMA was first grafted onto sago starch using CAN as an initiator under nitrogen gas atmosphere. The maximum percentage of grafting (%G) was detennined to be 2460/0 when the optimum conditions (reaction temperature: 70 DC, reaction period: 2 hrs, the amount of CAN: 2.0 mmoles, the amount of nitric acid: 0.4 mmoles, and the amount of methyl methacrylate (MMA): 141 mmoles). When PPS was used as an initiator, the maximum % G achieved was 900/0. The optimum conditions for this initiator were as follows: reaction temperature: 50 oC, the amount of monomer: 47 mmoles, the amount of PPS: 1.82 mmoles, and reaction period: 1.5 hr. The copolymers produced were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometry (FTIR) , differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The FTIR spectra of the copolymers clearly indicated the presence of characteristic peaks of PMMA and sago starch, which suggested that PMMA had been successfully grafted on the sago starch. DSC and TGA thermograrns showed that the copolymerization products were made up of two different polymers. The copolymers of vanous percentages of grafting were hydrolysed with 0.5 M hydrochloric acid and the viscosity measurements of PMMA produced were carried out using Ubbelohde viscometer. The average molecular weight (Mv) of PMMA grafted onto the sago starch (2460/0G) prepared by using CAN as the initiator was 4.3xlO4, and from PMMA grafted sago starch (900/00) prepared by using PPS as the initiator was 1.3x 104. Biodegradability studies of sago starch-g-PMMA and sago starch were carried out by a-amylase enzyme. The rate of degradation of sago starch was higher than the rate of degradation of sago starchg- PMMA. Maximum biodegradation of the sago starch was achieved after 3 days of incubation, while for the copolymer was 7 days.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subject:Methyl methacrylate
Subject:Graft copolymers
Chairman Supervisor:Professor Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus, PhD
Call Number:FSAS 1999 29
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
ID Code:9487
Deposited By: Laila Azwa Ramli
Deposited On:10 Feb 2011 03:04
Last Modified:25 Sep 2013 08:11

Repository Staff Only: Edit item detail

Document Download Statistics

This item has been downloaded for since 10 Feb 2011 03:04.

View statistics for "Preparation and Characterization of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Grafted Sago Starch"


Universiti Putra Malaysia Institutional Repository

Universiti Putra Malaysia Institutional Repository is an on-line digital archive that serves as a central collection and storage of scientific information and research at the Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Currently, the collections deposited in the IR consists of Master and PhD theses, Master and PhD Project Report, Journal Articles, Journal Bulletins, Conference Papers, UPM News, Newspaper Cuttings, Patents and Inaugural Lectures.

As the policy of the university does not permit users to view thesis in full text, access is only given to the first 24 pages only.