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Preparation and Characterisation of Sago Starch-Graftpoly(Acrylic Acid) and Sago Starch-Graft Poly(Methylacrylate)

Yiam, Chong Bin (2001) Preparation and Characterisation of Sago Starch-Graftpoly(Acrylic Acid) and Sago Starch-Graft Poly(Methylacrylate). Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

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Abstract

Acrylic acid and methyl acrylate were grafted onto sago starch by usjng potassium persulphate as an initiator under nitrogen gas atmosphere. The graft yield showed dependence on amount of initiator, amount of monomer, reaction temperature and reaction period. For sago starch-g-poly(acrylic acid), the optimum conditions were as follows: reaction temperature, 40°C; reaction period, 1.5 h; amount of initiator, 10 mmoles and amount of monomer, 0.0219 moles. However, for sago starch-gpoly( methyl acrylate), the optimum conditions obtained were reaction temperature, 50 °C; reaction period, 1.5 h; amount of initiator, 8.33 mmoles and amount of monomer, 0.087 moles. TGA studies showed that the grafted sago starches exhibit different thennal behavior as compared to sago starch. SEM micrographs showed that both acrylic acid and methyl acrylate were grafted homogeneously onto sago starch. The sorption capacity of sago starch-g-poly(acrylic acid) for Cu(II) was determined. The biodegradability study of the grafted copolymers was carried out by using a - amylase lipase. The results show that the maximum glucose produced for sago starch-gpoly( acrybc acid) was on the 2nd day of experiment. However. for sago starch-gpoly( metbyl acrylate). the maximum glucose produced was on the 3rd day. Swelling behavior of sago starch-g-poly(acrylic acid) in water and various salt solutions and sago starch-g-poly(methyl acrylate) in water and solvents were also investigated. The viscosity-average molecular weight increased with increase of poly(methyl acrylate) content in the graft copolymer. Sago starch-g-poly(methyl acrylate) has also been converted into poly(hydroxamic acid) chelating ion exchange resin using Candida Rugosa as a catalyst. The metal ion sorption rate of the resin produced based on Cu (II) at pH 3.5, was rapid. The metal ion separations of Fe(ID)-Cu(II), Fe(ID)-Cd(II), Fe(lll)Cr( iln. Fe(IIl)-Ni(II) and Fe(III)-Pb(II) were successfully carried out.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subject:Acrylic acid
Subject:Methyl acrylate
Chairman Supervisor:Professor Wan Md. Zin Wan Yunus, PhD
Call Number:FSAS 2001 52
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
ID Code:9319
Deposited By: Tuan Norasiah Tuan Yaacob
Deposited On:21 Jan 2011 12:11
Last Modified:30 Sep 2013 14:46

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