Development of a Turning Machine for a Windrow Composting Process of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

Suryanto, Hadi and Yahya, Azmi (2008) Development of a Turning Machine for a Windrow Composting Process of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch. In: Paper Presented at the 10th International Congress on Mechanization and Energy in Agriculture, 14-17 October 2008, Antalya, Turkey.

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Abstract

A turning machine prototype has been designed to mix and to aerate oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) cuts composted in windrows. The machine was equipped with four wheels and a rotating drum with tines which enables it to move through a free – standing windrow of approximately 120 cm high by 220 cm across. The rear wheels and the rotating drum were hydraulically driven by a 54 hp engine. The turning machine was tested with EFB cuts and compost piled separately on a concrete floor. The average turning capacities for the EFB cuts and the compost were 22,020 kg/hr and 25,040 kg/hr respectively. At this setting, the average actual forward speeds of the machine were 104.4 m/hr for the EFB cuts and 75.0 m/hr for the compost. The wheel slips for these turning operations were almost constant at about 23%.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keyword:oil palm, empty fruit bunch, compost, turning machine
Subject:Palm oil
Subject:Compost
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Engineering
ID Code:8898
Deposited By: Erni Suraya Abdul Aziz
Deposited On:23 Dec 2010 09:11
Last Modified:23 Dec 2010 09:12

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