Synthesis and characterization of Ni-doped vanadium phosphorus oxide catalysts
Yap, Taufiq Yun Hin and Abdul Aziz, Abdul Ghani (2007) Synthesis and characterization of Ni-doped vanadium phosphorus oxide catalysts. Chinese Journal of Catalysis, 28 (12). pp. 1037-1040. ISSN 1872-2067
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2067(08)60005-4
The effect of Ni doping (1%, 2%, and 5%) on vanadium phosphate catalysts prepared via VOPO4·2H2O was described and discussed. At low levels, the Ni dopant significantly enhanced the amount of the active lattice oxygen species O− and lowered the reduction peak temperature corresponding to the reduction of V5+ and V4+ phases. A combination of powder X-ray diffraction, temperature-programmed reduction, and chemical analysis data shows that at higher levels, Ni doping induced the formation of the V5+ phase and suppressed the presence of the V4+ phase. Previous studies have indicated that a large amount of oxygen species associated with V5+ inhibit the n-butane conversion but promote the selectivity for maleic anhydride.
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