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Residual Phytotoxicity Effects of Paraquat, Glyphosate and Glufosinate-Ammonium Herbicides in Soils from Field-Treated Plots


Citation

Wibawa, Wahyu and Mohamad, Rosli and Puteh, Adam and Omar, Dzolkhifli and Juraimi, Abdul Shukor and Abdullah, Sheikh Awadz (2009) Residual Phytotoxicity Effects of Paraquat, Glyphosate and Glufosinate-Ammonium Herbicides in Soils from Field-Treated Plots. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 11 (2). pp. 214-216. ISSN 1560-8530

Abstract / Synopsis

Soil residual phytotoxicity of commonly used herbicides in plantation crops in Malaysia were investigated through bioassay. Paraquat (GramoxoneR) and glufosinate-ammonium (BastaR) at 200, 400, 600 and 800 g a.i. ha-1, and glyphosate (Round-upR) at 400, 800, 1200 and 1600 g a.i. ha-1 were applied to field plots of 5 x 20 m2. Cucumber and corn were used in the bioassay to test the residual effect of herbicides in the soil of the treated plots. Soil, sampled at 1 day after treatment (DAT) and until 2 weeks (WAT) later, did not affect the seed germination and seedling development of cucumber and corn. Recommended rates, paraquat (400-600 g a.i. ha-1), glufosinate-ammonium (500 g a.i.ha-1) and glyphosate (1000 g a.i. ha-1) applied to field to control weeds in oil palm plantation, therefore leave no phytotoxic residue in the soil.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Keywords: Bioassay, Herbicide residues, Paraquat, Glyphosate, Glufosinate-ammonium, Field-treated plots
Depositing User: Norhazura Hamzah
Date Deposited: 26 May 2010 09:20
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2015 09:21
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/6976
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