Fox, Mark T. and Uche, U. E. and Vaillant, Camille and Ganabadi, Shanti and Calam, John (2002) Effects of Ostertagia ostertagi and omeprazole treatment on feed intake and gastrin-related responses in the calf. Veterinary Parasitology, 105 (4). pp. 285-301. ISSN 0304-4017
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(02)00026-2
Infection with the bovine abomasal nematode, Ostertagia ostertagi, results in a loss of acid-secreting parietal cells and an increase in gastric pH. The effects of an experimental infection with Ostertagia and/or daily treatment with omeprazole (OMP) at 2 mg kg−1 bodyweight for four consecutive days (experiment days 24–27, inclusive) on voluntary feed intake, blood and tissue gastrin concentrations, abomasal G-cell numbers, gastric pH, and blood cholecystokinin (CCK) and pepsinogen concentrations were investigated in the calf. Ostertagia-infected calves demonstrated a significant drop in feed intake between days 24 and 27 post-infection (38%; P<0.001) and in G-cell numbers (42%; P<0.05) and significant increases in abomasal pH (P<0.001), fundic mucosal weight (99%; P<0.01), and blood gastrin (P<0.05) and pepsinogen (P<0.0001). OMP treatment of worm-free animals resulted in a significant drop in intake between days 24 and 27 (30%; P<0.001) and in G-cell numbers (17%; P<0.05) and significant increases in abomasal pH (P<0.01) and blood gastrin (P<0.001). OMP treatment of Ostertagia-infected animals with an existing hypergastrinaemia had no effect on feed intake, abomasal pH, blood gastrin or pepsinogen or abomasal G-cell numbers. Blood CCK concentrations were also unaffected by either Ostertagia infection or OMP treatment. These data suggest that: (a) the depression in feed intake associated with OMP in worm-free calves was not due to a side effect of drug treatment; (b) inappetance in Ostertagia-infected animals is closely associated with the parasite-induced hypergastrinaemia; and (c) the elevation in abomasal pH was a major factor responsible for the elevated blood gastrin concentrations seen in parasitised and OMP-treated animals.
|Keyword:||Appetite, Cattle–Nematoda, Gastrin, Omeprazole, Ostertagia|
|Faculty or Institute:||Faculty of Veterinary Medicine|
|Deposited By:||Azizan Arshad|
|Deposited On:||25 May 2010 01:52|
|Last Modified:||19 Aug 2010 07:37|
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