Enhancement in critical current density and irreversibility field of bulk MgB2 by C and CaCO3 co-addition
Tan, Kean Sheng, Chen, Soo Kien, Jun, B. H. and Kim, C. J. (2008) Enhancement in critical current density and irreversibility field of bulk MgB2 by C and CaCO3 co-addition. Superconductor Science and Technology, 21 (10). ISSN 0953-2048
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/21/10/105013
Paper ash, a source of C and CaCO3, was used for the first time as a cheap form of sub-micron particles for doping. 0–10 wt% of the ash was added to Mg + 2B and in situ reacted at 850 ◦C for 30 min in flowing Ar atmosphere. The CaCO3 decomposed and reacted with B to form CaB6 as an impurity phase. Also, the Tc and the a-axis lattice parameter decreased with increasing ash content, which suggests that C substitution at boron sites occurred. Enhancement of high-field Jc(H), Hirr(T ) and Hc2(T ) was observed with an optimum level of about 5 wt% ash addition
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