Development of Morphology in Hatchery-Reared Rutilus Frisii Kutum Larvae
Jafari, Mahdieh and Kamarudin, Mohd Salleh and Saad, Che Roos and Arshad, Aziz and Oryan, Shahrbanoo and Bahmani, Mahmoud (2009) Development of Morphology in Hatchery-Reared Rutilus Frisii Kutum Larvae. European Journal of Scientific Research, 38 (2). pp. 296-305. ISSN 1450-216X
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Official URL: http://www.eurojournals.com/ejsr_38_2_11.pdf
Most fish are poorly developed at hatching. They undergo important functional and morphological changes during the early larval period. This study was conducted to monitor the morphological changes of Caspian kutum Rutilus frisii kutum larvae in early life stages. Fertilized kutum eggs were incubated at 16-19ºC in 8 l glass incubators for 9.5 days. At first feeding (3 days after hatch) larvae were fed two times per day with egg yolk for 5 days, and then Artemia nauplii and egg yolk until day 30. The juveniles were then transferred to an outdoor fish hapa nets and further reared until day 60. Larval development, growth, and some morphological changes were described from day 0 to end of experiment. The results showed that there were 3 main stages and 18 sub-stages of ontogenetic development in Caspian kutum from hatching to juvenile stage. The most important change in these stages was change from endogenous to exogenous feeding. During post hatch development, the various organs gradually differentiated and became identifiable.
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