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Mechanosynthesis and mechanochemical treatment of bismuthdoped vanadium phosphorus oxide catalysts for the partial oxidation of n-butane to maleic anhydride


Citation

Yap, Taufiq Yun Hin and Wong, Yee Ching and Kamiya, Yuichi and Tang, W. J. (2008) Mechanosynthesis and mechanochemical treatment of bismuthdoped vanadium phosphorus oxide catalysts for the partial oxidation of n-butane to maleic anhydride. Journal of Natural Gas Chemistry, 17 (3). pp. 232-237. ISSN 1003-9953

Abstract / Synopsis

Three Bi-doped vanadyl pyrophosphate catalysts were prepared via dihydrate route (VPD method), which consisted of different preparation methods including mechanosynthesis, mechanochemical treatment, and the conventional reflux method. The catalysts produced by the above three methods were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and temperature programmed reduction (TPR). Catalytic evaluation for the partial oxidation of n-butane to maleic anhydride (MA) was also carried out. The XRD patterns of all the Bi-doped catalysts showed the main peaks of pyrophosphate phase. Lower intensity peaks were observed for the mechanochemically treated Bi-doped catalyst (VPDBiMill) with two additional small peaks corresponding to the presence of a small amount of V5+ phase. The TPR profiles showed that the highest amount of active oxygen species, i.e, V4+–O− pair, responsible for n-butane activation, was removed from VPDBiMill. Furthermore, from the catalytic test results, the graph of selectivity to MA as a function of the conversion of n-butane demonstrated that VPDBiMill was the most selective catalyst. This suggests that the mechanochemical treatment of vanadium phosphate catalyst (VPDBiMill) is a potential method to improve the catalytic properties for the partial oxidation of n-butane to maleic anhydride.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: 10.1016/S1003-9953(08)60056-0
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Mechanosynthesis; Mechanochemical treatment; Bismuth; Vanadyl pyrophosphate
Depositing User: Najwani Amir Sariffudin
Date Deposited: 12 May 2010 14:52
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2016 10:22
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/S1003-9953(08)60056-0
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/6212
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