Enhancement of Over-Exposed and Under-Exposed Images Using Hybrid Gamma Error Correction Sigmoid Function
Mohd Azau, Mohd Azrin (2007) Enhancement of Over-Exposed and Under-Exposed Images Using Hybrid Gamma Error Correction Sigmoid Function. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
The demands to improve the visibility quality of the captured images in extremes lighting conditions have emerged increasingly important in digital image processing. The extremes conditions are when there is lack of reasonable lightnings termed as underexposed and too much of light termed as overexposed. The popular enhancement technique currently used is the contrast enhancement through contrast stretching, histogram equalization, homomorphic filtering and contrast adjustment. The adjustments are to transform the less useful images to more meaningful images when the post image processing operations are carried out. This thesis is motivated to deal with the problems concerning image capturing in these two extremes conditions. The sigmoid function is used to adjust the contrast with two controlling parameters. The parameters adjust the contrast locally and globally. The gamma function is commonly used to correct the non-linear error in the images due to the camera lenses. This thesis combines the functions' properties and developed a hybrid algorithm to improve the quality of the poorly captured images by adjusting the contrast and compensating the gamma error. The sigmoid and gamma function are coded in MATLAB 6.0 in which testes are made over the selected images. The sample images are taken using different type of cameras transformed to grayscaled input images. The luminosities of the surroundings are also measured using a light meter. The derivations of the parameters' ranges are done by calculating the root mean square error or the standard deviation. The suggested ranges are used in the hybrid system which has two variants, Variant I and Variant 11. The first variant, combines the sigmoid function inside the gamma compensation function while the second variant combines the gamma compensation function inside the sigmoid function. Based on the test results, the proposed algorithm significantly improves the contrast of the images. For the underexposed image samples, the percentages of the intensity lesser than 0.1 decreases as more of the intensities reside at higher values. For the overexposed image samples, the percentages of intensity greater than 0.9 decreases as more of the intensities reside at lower values. With the suggested range deduced, the images are contrast enhanced with the reduction of percentage of pixels residing he intensity less than 0.1 and greater than 0.9. The comparative analyses are made by comparing the suggested hybrid system with the existing adaptive homomorphic filtering, adaptive histogram equalization and adaptive contrast enhancement.
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