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Laboratory evaluation of metal elements urease inhibitor and DMPP nitrification inhibitor on nitrogenous gas losses in selected rice soils

Ahmad Khariri, Rosmarina and Yusop, Mohd Khanif and Musa, Mohamed Hanafi and Hussin, Aminuddin (2016) Laboratory evaluation of metal elements urease inhibitor and DMPP nitrification inhibitor on nitrogenous gas losses in selected rice soils. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227 (7). art. no. 232. pp. 1-14. ISSN 0049-6979; ESSN: 1573-2932

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Official URL: http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11270-016-...

Abstract

Urea is considered as the most widely used nitrogen (N) fertilizer. Unfortunately, its application is associated with losses such as emissions of ammonia (NH3) and nitrous oxide (N2O) in a gas form. In addition to the economic loss, such N losses may threaten atmospheric quality. Application of both urease and nitrification inhibitors is advocated as an approach to mitigate these gaseous losses. Thus, laboratory studies were carried out to evaluate the effects of urease inhibitor-coated urea, nitrification inhibitor-coated urea, and other modified urea fertilizers on NH3 volatilization and N2O gas emissions in selected anaerobic rice soils. Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn) were selected as urease inhibitors and DMPP (3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate) as nitrification inhibitor. Nitrogen fertilizer treatments used were urea, Cu-coated urea (CuU), Zn-coated urea (ZnU), Cu + Zn-coated urea (CuZn), DMPP-coated urea (DMPPU), DMPP + Cu + Zn-coated urea (DMPPCuZn), OneBaja, sulfur-coated urea (SU), and dolomite-coated urea (DU). Results demonstrated that CuU, ZnU, DMPPCuZn, SU, and OneBaja were effective in reducing NH3 volatilization by 12.12–37.48 % compared to urea, while DMPPU had no effect on NH3 volatilization. Meanwhile, sulfur-coated urea (SU), CuU, ZnU, CuZn, OneBaja, DMPPU, and DMPPCuZn reduced N2O emission over urea by 14.86, 17.57, 21.62, 29.73, 29.73, 33.78, and 48.64 %, respectively. These results suggest that using Cu, Zn, or combinations of DMPP, Cu, and Zn is recommended as an alternative to mitigate both NH3 volatilization and N2O emission, in addition to providing positive impact to environment.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Hydrolysis; Nitrification inhibitor; Urea; Urease inhibitors
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Agriculture
Publisher:Springer International Publishing
DOI Number:10.1007/s11270-016-2927-7
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s11270-016-2927-7
ID Code:52432
Deposited By: Nabilah Mustapa
Deposited On:06 Jun 2017 16:44
Last Modified:06 Jun 2017 16:44

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