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Synthesis and characterisation of functionalised-graphene oxide by gamma-ray irradiation

Ahmad Daud, Noraniza and Chieng, Buong Woei and Ibrahim, Nor Azowa and Talib, Zainal Abidin (2017) Synthesis and characterisation of functionalised-graphene oxide by gamma-ray irradiation. Journal of Engineering Science, 13 . pp. 1-17. ISSN 1823-3430; ESSN: 2180-4214

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Abstract

Gamma-ray irradiation technique was used to functionalise graphene oxide (GO) with various alkyl chain length alkylamine. Functionalisation of alkylchain onto the GO was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). FTIR of functionalised GO showed the appearance of significant peaks around 2850–2960 cm–1 (–CH2) which come from long alkylchain together with peak around 1450–1560 cm–1 indicating the formation of C–NH–C. XRD showed an additional diffraction peak at lower 2θ angle, indicating that the intercalation of alkylamine was successful. The effects of various alkyl lengths functionalised-GO on morphological and thermal properties were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis showed an increase in surface roughness when the alkyl chain length increases. The addition of alkylchain on GO surfaces significantly improves the thermal stability of GO, suggesting their great potential for hydrophobic material in industry.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Graphene oxide; Functionalisation; Alkylamine; Gamma-irradiation
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Science
Institute of Advanced Technology
Publisher:Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia
ID Code:52045
Deposited By: Nabilah Mustapa
Deposited On:05 May 2017 10:32
Last Modified:05 May 2017 10:32

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