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An overview of the oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) potential as reinforcing fibre in polymer composite for energy absorption applications

Abd Rahman, Mohd Khairul Faizi and Abu Bakar, Shahriman and Abdul Majid, Mohd Shukry and Mohd Tamrin, Shamsul Bahri and Ng, Yee Guan and Basah, Shafriza Nisha and Cheng, Ee Meng and Rojan, Mohd Afendi and Mohamad Razlan, Zuradzman and Wan Ahmad, Wan Khairunizam and Desa, Hazry (2016) An overview of the oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) potential as reinforcing fibre in polymer composite for energy absorption applications. In: 2nd International Conference on Automotive Innovation and Green Vehicle (AiGEV 2016), 2-3 Aug. 2016, Cyberjaya, Malaysia. pp. 1-9.

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Abstract

The oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) natural fibres were comprehensively reviewed to assess their potential as reinforcing materials in polymer composites for energy absorption during low-velocity impact. The typical oil palm wastes include trunks, fronds, kernel shells, and empty fruit bunches. This has a tendency to burden the industry players with disposal difficulties and escalates the operating cost. Thus, there are several initiatives have been employed to convert these wastes into value added products. The objective of this study is to review the potential of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) as natural fibre polymer composite reinforcement to absorb the energy during low-velocity impact as another option for value added products. Initially, this paper reviewed the local oil palm waste issues. Previous research works on OPEFB polymer composite, and their mechanical characterization is appraised. Their potential for energy absorption in low-velocity impact application was also elaborated. The review suggests high potential applications of OPEFB as reinforcing materials in composite structures. Furthermore, it is wisely to utilize the oil palm biomass waste into a beneficial composite, hence, promotes the green environment.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keyword:Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB); Reinforcing fibre; Polymer composite; Energy absorption
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher:EDP Sciences
DOI Number:10.1051/matecconf/20179001064
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1051/matecconf/20179001064
ID Code:50086
Deposited By: Nabilah Mustapa
Deposited On:01 Feb 2017 12:38
Last Modified:01 Feb 2017 12:38

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