Conjugated Linoleic Acid in Rumen Liquor: Their Relation with Other Carbon 18 Fatty Acids and Rumen pH
Achenef, Melaku Beyene and Abdul Kadir, Arifah and Goh, Yong Meng and Sazili, Awis Qurni and Othman, Fauziah and Ahmad, Zuraini and Somchit, Muhammad Nazrul and Zakaria, Zainul Amiruddin (2009) Conjugated Linoleic Acid in Rumen Liquor: Their Relation with Other Carbon 18 Fatty Acids and Rumen pH. Journal of Biological Sciences, 9 (6). pp. 567-572. ISSN 1727-3048
Official URL: http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=jbs.2009.567.572
This study was focused on the quantitative analysis of Conjugated Linoleic Acids (CLAs) in rumen liquor and assessment of the relationship between CLAs and other carbon 18 fatty acids and rumen pH of cattle slaughtered for meat consumption. The fatty acids were extracted using modified Folch method and determined by gas chromatography. The mean (n = 22) level of CLAs in the rumen liquor was 14.97 ±7.46 mg/100 mL. Cis-9, trans-11(c9, t11) was the dominant isomer of CLA followed by trans-10,cis-12 (t10, c12). The level of CLAs was positively correlated with the concentration of octadecatrienoic (18:3), cis-9, cis-12 octadecadienoic (18:2), trans-11octadecenoic (18:1) and octadecenoic (18:0) acids. Ruminal pH was positively correlated with the amount of c9, t11 and total CLA and negatively correlated with t10, c12 CLA isomer. All these correlations and relationships indicated that CLAs production in the rumen is dependent on availability of carbon 18 fatty acids and pH of the rumen liquor.
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