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The exploration of social capital and its relation with economic empowerment of Orang Kuala in Johor, Malaysia


Amir Zal, W. A. and Redzuan, Ma’rof and Abu Samah, Asnarukhadi and Hamsan, Hanina Halimatusaadiah (2013) The exploration of social capital and its relation with economic empowerment of Orang Kuala in Johor, Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 21 (4). pp. 1275-1295. ISSN 0128-7702; ESSN: 2231-8534

Abstract / Synopsis

Trust economic empowerment is an issue that is rarely debated in discussing the reality of Orang Asli’s economy. Instead, other issues such as lagging behind, poverty, and marginalization of Orang Asli often become the hot topics for discussion. History, however, has shown that Orang Asli have been conducting economic activities with other communities for ages, even though the returns of the aforementioned activities are not encouraging for them. Orang Asli also have shown, through their history, their ability to fulfil other communities’ needs. Such a relationship directly indicates the relation of social capitals and economic empowerment among Orang Asli. In order to examine this issue, a study was carried out. The study was conducted on seven interviewees, who are the Orang Kuala villagers, residing at Bumiputera Dalam, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia. Data were gathered by using in-depth interview method and semi-structured interview protocol technique. Data gathered were then analysed by using QSR NVivo software. The findings of this study showed that Orang Kuala have social capitals but the relationship differs according to the types of social capital, the bonding social and the bridging social capital. In particular, Orang Kuala have weak bonding social capital but possess a strong bridging social capital. They also show the ability to empower their economy through self-reliant, participation in businesses, increase in revenues and ability to control their income. As a conclusion, this study concluded that the economic empowerment of Orang Kuala is a result of bridging social capital.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Call Number: G155 M3K45
Divisions: Faculty of Human Ecology
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Bonding social capital; Bridging social capital; Economic empowerment; Self-reliance; Participation and revenue control
Depositing User: Mohd Hafiz Che Mahasan
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2015 11:13
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2015 11:13
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