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Landslide susceptibility mapping using decision-tree based chi-squared automatic interaction detection (CHAID) and logistic regression (LR) integration

Althuwaynee, Omar F. and Pradhan, Biswajeet and Ahmad, Noordin (2014) Landslide susceptibility mapping using decision-tree based chi-squared automatic interaction detection (CHAID) and logistic regression (LR) integration. In: 7th IGRSM International Conference and Exhibition on Remote Sensing & GIS (IGRSM 2014), 21-22 Apr. 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 1-8.

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Abstract

This article uses methodology based on chi-squared automatic interaction detection (CHAID), as a multivariate method that has an automatic classification capacity to analyse large numbers of landslide conditioning factors. This new algorithm was developed to overcome the subjectivity of the manual categorization of scale data of landslide conditioning factors, and to predict rainfall-induced susceptibility map in Kuala Lumpur city and surrounding areas using geographic information system (GIS). The main objective of this article is to use CHi-squared automatic interaction detection (CHAID) method to perform the best classification fit for each conditioning factor, then, combining it with logistic regression (LR). LR model was used to find the corresponding coefficients of best fitting function that assess the optimal terminal nodes. A cluster pattern of landslide locations was extracted in previous study using nearest neighbor index (NNI), which were then used to identify the clustered landslide locations range. Clustered locations were used as model training data with 14 landslide conditioning factors such as; topographic derived parameters, lithology, NDVI, land use and land cover maps. Pearson chi-squared value was used to find the best classification fit between the dependent variable and conditioning factors. Finally the relationship between conditioning factors were assessed and the landslide susceptibility map (LSM) was produced. An area under the curve (AUC) was used to test the model reliability and prediction capability with the training and validation landslide locations respectively. This study proved the efficiency and reliability of decision tree (DT) model in landslide susceptibility mapping. Also it provided a valuable scientific basis for spatial decision making in planning and urban management studies.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keyword:Chi-squared automatic interaction detection (CHAID); Landslide; Logistic regression (LR); Malaysia
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Engineering
Publisher:IOP Publishing
DOI Number:10.1088/1755-1315/20/1/012032
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1088/1755-1315/20/1/012032
ID Code:39243
Deposited By: Nursyafinaz Mohd Noh
Deposited On:07 Jul 2015 16:21
Last Modified:29 Jul 2016 16:33

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