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Effect of regenerated cellulose of ultrafiltration membranes on POME treatment

Azmi, Nazatul Shima and Md. Yunos, Khairul Faezah (2014) Effect of regenerated cellulose of ultrafiltration membranes on POME treatment. Jurnal Teknologi, 70 (2). pp. 81-86. ISSN 0127-9696; ESSN: 2180-3722

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Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) in palm oil industry has become a big issue of environmental pollution to be solved urgently and critically. This wastewater consists of water, oil, and natural sediments. Hence, in this study, the work was carried out to investigate ultrafiltration process feasibility for treating palm oil mill effluent. Palm kernel shell bioactivated carbon (PKS-AC) adsorbent was used in adsorption treatment (pre-treatment) was used to reduced solid particles in POME. For adsorption treatment, POME was stirred with 0.20 g/L of PKS-AC at 39.94 minute and sediment for one hour. Membrane separation was subsequently applied to further treat the pre-treated POME. In this study, the permeate flux was found to be dependent to pressure applied, solution pH and stirring speed. An optium conditions was achieved at pressure 2 bar, with solution pH 8 using stirring speed 600 rpm. Considerable amount of POME pollutant is also reduced by used membrane for TS, DS, SS, BOD5, COD and turbidity were 625.32 mg/L, 445.32 mg/L, 180 mg/L, 1296 mg/L, 541.76 mg/L, and 16.20 NTU respectively. Thus, this result show that the pollutant in POME was reduced significantly using this technique.

Item Type:Article
Notes:Special issue on Advances in Polymeric Membrane Research
Keyword:Palm oil mill effluent; Palm kernel shell-based activated carbon; Ultrafiltration; Treated POME
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Engineering
Publisher:Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
ID Code:37301
Deposited By: Nabilah Mustapa
Deposited On:18 Dec 2015 13:20
Last Modified:07 Feb 2016 22:18

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