Cellulose nanocrystals/ZnO as a bifunctional reinforcing nanocomposite for poly (vinyl alcohol)/chitosan blend films: fabrication, characterization and properties
Azizi, Susan and Ahmad @ Ayob, Mansor and Ibrahim, Nor Azowa and Hussein, Mohd Zobir and Namvar, Farideh (2014) Cellulose nanocrystals/ZnO as a bifunctional reinforcing nanocomposite for poly (vinyl alcohol)/chitosan blend films: fabrication, characterization and properties. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15 (6). pp. 11040-11053. ISSN 1422-0067
Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/15/6/11040
In this study, cellulose nanocrystals/zinc oxide (CNCs/ZnO) nanocomposites were dispersed as bifunctional nano-sized fillers into poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and chitosan (Cs) blend by a solvent casting method to prepare PVA/Cs/CNCs/ZnO bio-nanocomposites films. The morphology, thermal, mechanical and UV-vis absorption properties, as well antimicrobial effects of the bio-nanocomposite films were investigated. It demonstrated that CNCs/ZnO were compatible with PVA/Cs and dispersed homogeneously in the polymer blend matrix. CNCs/ZnO improved tensile strength and modulus of PVA/Cs significantly. Tensile strength and modulus of bio-nanocomposite films increased from 55.0 to 153.2 MPa and from 395 to 932 MPa, respectively with increasing nano-sized filler amount from 0 to 5.0 wt %. The thermal stability of PVA/Cs was also enhanced at 1.0 wt % CNCs/ZnO loading. UV light can be efficiently absorbed by incorporating ZnO nanoparticles into a PVA/Cs matrix, signifying that these bio-nanocomposite films show good UV-shielding effects. Moreover, the biocomposites films showed antibacterial activity toward the bacterial species Salmonella choleraesuis and Staphylococcus aureus. The improved physical properties obtained by incorporating CNCs/ZnO can be useful in variety uses.
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