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Cellulose nanocrystals/ZnO as a bifunctional reinforcing nanocomposite for poly (vinyl alcohol)/chitosan blend films: fabrication, characterization and properties

Azizi, Susan and Ahmad @ Ayob, Mansor and Ibrahim, Nor Azowa and Hussein, Mohd Zobir and Namvar, Farideh (2014) Cellulose nanocrystals/ZnO as a bifunctional reinforcing nanocomposite for poly (vinyl alcohol)/chitosan blend films: fabrication, characterization and properties. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15 (6). pp. 11040-11053. ISSN 1422-0067

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Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/15/6/11040

Abstract

In this study, cellulose nanocrystals/zinc oxide (CNCs/ZnO) nanocomposites were dispersed as bifunctional nano-sized fillers into poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and chitosan (Cs) blend by a solvent casting method to prepare PVA/Cs/CNCs/ZnO bio-nanocomposites films. The morphology, thermal, mechanical and UV-vis absorption properties, as well antimicrobial effects of the bio-nanocomposite films were investigated. It demonstrated that CNCs/ZnO were compatible with PVA/Cs and dispersed homogeneously in the polymer blend matrix. CNCs/ZnO improved tensile strength and modulus of PVA/Cs significantly. Tensile strength and modulus of bio-nanocomposite films increased from 55.0 to 153.2 MPa and from 395 to 932 MPa, respectively with increasing nano-sized filler amount from 0 to 5.0 wt %. The thermal stability of PVA/Cs was also enhanced at 1.0 wt % CNCs/ZnO loading. UV light can be efficiently absorbed by incorporating ZnO nanoparticles into a PVA/Cs matrix, signifying that these bio-nanocomposite films show good UV-shielding effects. Moreover, the biocomposites films showed antibacterial activity toward the bacterial species Salmonella choleraesuis and Staphylococcus aureus. The improved physical properties obtained by incorporating CNCs/ZnO can be useful in variety uses.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Biocomposites; Cellulose nanocrystals; Bi-functional filler; Poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan blend; UV absorption
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Science
Institute of Advanced Technology
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Publisher:MDPI AG
DOI Number:10.3390/ijms150611040
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/ijms150611040
ID Code:36719
Deposited By: Nabilah Mustapa
Deposited On:30 May 2015 14:21
Last Modified:26 Aug 2015 15:30

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