Differential Effects of Food Plants on the Development, Egg Production and Feeding Behaviour of the Diamondback Moth (Plutella xylostella L.)
Idris, A. B. (1998) Differential Effects of Food Plants on the Development, Egg Production and Feeding Behaviour of the Diamondback Moth (Plutella xylostella L.). Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 21 (2). pp. 93-98. ISSN 1511-3701
Differential effects of food plants on developmental time of diamondback moth (DBM) (Plutella xylostella L.) laroae and pupae, larval feeding behaviour and egg production by the adult were studied. The food plants used were five Brassicaceae plants (Brassica juncea Cosson, B. juncea Cosson var. rugose Bally, B. alba Rebenh, B. oleracea var. alboglabra Bally and B. juncea L. (Czern)) and one Capparidaceae (Cleome rutidosperma DC). The developmental times ofbDBM laroae and pupae were significantly affected by the food plants. Laroal developmental time was significantly longer (10.9 days) when fed on B. alba (cultivated) than on the other food plants. The wild food plants seemed to prolong the developmental time of DBM pupae compared with the cultivated hosts. There was a strong relationship (r = 0.85) between the numbers of eggs laid by DBM adults and the weight of the pupae which developed from larvae fed on various food plants. In contrast to the wild hosts and three other cultivated hosts, B. juncea seemed to be a better food plant ( better quality food) as it caused higher pupal weight and egg production 1Yy the female adults. In a no-choice test, DBM laroae took a significantly longer time to reachB. juncea (wild and cultivated) than other host plants, indicating that the former had fewer feeding attractants. DBM larvae spent significantly shorter time to feed on C. rutidosperma and cultivated B. juncea than on other food plants. In a choice test, DBM larvae took about equal amounts of time to reach each food plant. However, they spent significantly longer time feeding on B. juncea than on other food plants. The potential of C. rutidosperma to be used in insecticide-resistant management ofDBM is also discussed.
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