Production of high yield sugars from Kappaphycus alvarezii using combined methods of chemical and enzymatic hydrolysis
Abd Rahim, Faiqah and Wasoh @ Mohamad Isa, Helmi and Zakaria @ Mamat, Mohd Rafein and Ariff, Arbakariya and Kapri, Mohammad Rizal and Ramli, Nazaruddin and Liew, Siew Ling (2014) Production of high yield sugars from Kappaphycus alvarezii using combined methods of chemical and enzymatic hydrolysis. Food Hydrocolloids, 42 (pt.2). pp. 309-315. ISSN 0268-005X; ESSN: 1873-7137
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
The characteristics and functional properties of polysaccharides extracted from Malaysia's seaweeds have not been fully established to date. Hence, this study was carried out to produce high yield fermentable sugars from Kappaphycus alvarezii for the potential production of biotechnology products such as bioflavours. In order to achieve this objective, the effectiveness of hydrolysis process was studied by using chemical treatments, followed by enzymatic treatments. K. alvarezii were hydrolysed in different heating times and temperatures followed by different types of acids and their concentrations. The optimal conditions for chemical hydrolysis were achieved at 8.0 g/100 mL of dried powder K. alvarezii in 0.2 M H2SO4 and HCl at 110 °C for 90 min which produced 34.275 ± 0.976 g/L and 35.872 ± 3.610 g/L, respectively with 42.8% and 44.8% of yield of sugar production. However, there are no significant different between H2SO4 and HCl. Thus, H2SO4 was chose as a catalyst for chemical hydrolysis. As for the combination of chemical and enzymatic hydrolysis, several pH of hydrolysates and incubation temperature were studied. The optimum condition for Celluclast activity was at pH 5.5 and 50 °C incubation temperature which produced the highest reducing sugars with an increment of 15.60 g/L from the chemical hydrolysis alone. The yield of reducing sugars after combining both methods reached 62.35% (49.92 ± 1.163 g/L reducing sugar). From this study, the characterization of these seaweeds can lead to a better understanding of their functional characteristics and promote the exploitation of these natural resources for the production of expensive new biotechnology products.
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