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Weed Populations and their buried seeds in rice fields of the Muda Area, Kedah, Malaysia

Sahid, Ismail and Z., Nor Faezah and Ho, N. K. (1995) Weed Populations and their buried seeds in rice fields of the Muda Area, Kedah, Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 18 (1). pp. 21-28. ISSN 0126-6128

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Abstract

Twenty weed species belonging to 15 families were found in rice fields near Kampung Tandop, in the Muda Irrigation Scheme, Kedah, Malaysia. The dominant weeds in dry-seeded rice were Utriculatia aurea Lour., Fimbristylis miliacea (L.) Vahl., Echinochloa cruss-galli (L.) Beauv., Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f) Presl and Najas graminea (Del.) Ridl.. In the wet-seedled rice, the dominant species were N. graminea, Lemna minor L, Sphenoclea zeylanica Gaertn., U. aurea, and Sagiuaria guayanensis H.B.K. while in volunteer seedling rice fields, the dominant species were Echinochloa colollllm (L.) Link., Fimbristylis alboviridis C.B. Clarke, F. miliacca, Cyperus babakan Steud. and Fuirena umbellata Rottb.. Dry-seeded rice fields contained the highest number of weed seeds (930,910/m2. in the top 15 inch of soil); volunteer seedling rice fields contained 793, 162/m2 and wet-seeded rice fields 712,228/m2. In general, seed number declined with increasing soil depth. At 10-15 cm depth, seed of U. aurea and S. zeylanica were tile most abundant in dry- and wet-seeded rice fields, whilst seeds of Scirpus juncoides Roxb. and F. miliacea were most abundant in volunteer seedling fields.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Rice weeds; Buried weed seeds; Cultural practices.
Faculty or Institute:Universiti Pertanian Malaysia
Publisher:Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
ID Code:3507
Deposited By: Nasirah Abu Samah
Deposited On:30 Nov 2009 08:57
Last Modified:02 Sep 2015 11:39

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