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Preliminary study of oil palm decanter cake natural polymer composite (OPDC-NPC)

Adam, Muhammad Aqif and Sulaiman, Alawi and Said, Che Mohd Som and Md. Som, Ayub and Samsu Baharuddin, Azhari and Mokhtar, Mohd Noriznan (2014) Preliminary study of oil palm decanter cake natural polymer composite (OPDC-NPC). Advanced Materials Research, 911 . pp. 40-44. ISSN 1022-6680; ESSN: 1662-8985

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Official URL: http://www.scientific.net/AMR.911.40

Abstract

Palm oil industry produces huge amount of oil palm decanter cake (OPDC). Currently it is not yet commercialized however due to its characteristics, it can be used to produce oil palm decanter cake natural polymer composite (OPDC-NPC). NPC is a type of material made by combining natural fiber with polymer. Therefore the objective of this paper is to produce NPC from OPDC and then determine its mechanical and physical properties such as elasticity, stiffness, tensile strength and water absorption rate. The OPDC samples were collected from Felda Trolak Palm Oil Mill. Prior to NPC development, the oil was removed from OPDC using hexane soxhlet extraction method. OPDC-NPC was fabricated using molding method where the mixture of 95% polypropylene (PP) and 5% OPDC were mixed using twin-screw extruder. The results showed that OPDC-NPC has an elasticity of 2231 MPa, stiffness of 30 MPa, tensile strength of 32 MPa and water absorption rate of 0.16 % which was slightly better with the other types of fibers.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Natural polymer composite; Oil palm decanter cake; Palm biomass; Polypropylene
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Engineering
Publisher:Trans Tech Publications
DOI Number:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.911.40
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.911.40
ID Code:35003
Deposited By: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Deposited On:25 Dec 2015 17:32
Last Modified:08 Sep 2016 09:08

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